Thursday, 1 September 2022

Fact Sheet On German Military Aid To Ukraine


By Stijn Mitzer and Joost Oliemans
 
Contrary to popular perception, Germany has delivered significant amounts of arms and equipment to Ukraine to aid the country in its fight against the Russian military. In fact, the volume of arms deliveries by Berlin exceeds that of every other country safe for the United States and the United Kingdom. Nonetheless, Germany has faced severe criticism and even mockery for its perceived lack of support to Ukraine and its ill-fated attempts to keep its relationship with Moscow intact. While ultimately positioning itself as a reliable partner of Ukraine, it can be argued that Berlin's communication to affirm its Ukraine stance and explain foreign policy goals has been nothing short of an unmitigated disaster.

German materiel support already delivered to Ukraine includes one IRIS-T SLM SAM system, 30 Gepard SPAAGs, five M270 MLRS, 14 PzH 2000 self-propelled guns (SPGs) along with guided artillery rounds, 3200 man-portable air-defence systems (MANPADS), close to 10.000 Panzerfaust 3 and RWG 90 MATADOR anti-tank weapons, hundreds of vehicles, nearly 22 million rounds of ammunition and a plethora of other equipment including 28.000 helmets and MiG-29 spare parts. These deliveries are soon to be followed by a further three IRIS-T SLM SAM systems and seven Gepard SPAAGs. Berlin also contributed at least €2 billion to Ukraine's security capacity building fund with which the Ukrainian government can purchase armament from other countries, including a further 100 PzH 2000s and 18 RCH-155 SPGs from German arms manufacturer Krauss-Maffei Wegmann. [1] [2]
 
Germany has also attempted to entice other countries to send their heavy weaponry to Ukraine in a programme known as 'Ringtausch' ('exchange'). [3] Under this policy, countries can receive German armament free of charge in exchange for delivering tanks and infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) from own stocks to Ukraine. Although a promising scheme at first, the 'Ringtausch' programme has largely failed to live up to expectations as most countries expect to have their Soviet-era systems replaced by larger numbers of modern weapon systems than what Berlin is currently able (or willing) to offer. Czechia is to receive fourteen Leopard 2A4s while Slovakia is similarly set to receive fifteen Leopard 2A4s along with a munitions, training, and logistics package in exchange for providing Ukraine with 30 BVP-1 IFVs. [4] [5] The Greek government supplied 40 of its BMP-1A1s to Ukraine in exchange for an equal number of German Marder IFVs and Slovenia has delivered 28 M-55S MBTs to Ukraine in return for 45 MAN 8x8 military trucks. [3]
 
Harsh criticism has also been directed at the delivery time of some of the arms pledged by Germany, especially for the time it would take to ready three M270 MLRS and send them to Ukraine. In fact, it is precisely because Berlin opted to go ahead with the expensive conversion required that it got scoffed at in the media and by observers of the conflict. In the meantime France, which stores some 40 227mm M270 MLRS, decided not to make the same effort (until October 2022), and as a result was spared similar public indignation. [6] Another underappreciated area has been Germany's deliveries of medical supplies and support that although not liable to attract much attention are crucial at keeping Ukraine and its soldiers in the fight. Though the composition of future aid can only be guessed at, Germany has the potential to scale up its extensive support even further through the hundreds of Leopard 1A5s, Marder 1A3 IFVs and M113 Panzermörser self-propelled mortars currently stored by the German MoD and defence companies Rheinmetall and FFG which Berlin has so far refrained from delivering. [7]

A German-delivered M270 Mittleres Artillerieraketensystem (MARS) MLRS in Ukraine.

The following list attempts to keep track of military equipment delivered or pledged to Ukraine by Germany during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. This list is mostly based on information released by the German Bundesregierung. [8] The entries below are sorted by armament category (with a flag denoting the country of origin). In case the month of delivery is unknown, the delivery date is listed as 2022. This list is constantly updated as further military support is declared or uncovered.
 
Medical supplies for the Ukrainian Armed Forces are not included in this list but are listed here.
 
* Purchases by the German government from defence companies.
** Purchases by Ukraine.
 
(Click on the equipment type to get a picture of them when available)

 

Delivered


Surface-To-Air Missile (SAM) Systems (1 System)


Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns (30)

  • 30 Gepards* [Training started in June 2022. Delivered from July to September 2022]
 

Multiple Rocket Launchers (5)


Laser-Guided Rocket Systems (20)

  • 20 70mm Laser-Guided Rocket Launchers On Pick-Up Trucks [December 2022]


Self-Propelled Artillery (14)

  • 14 155mm PzH 2000s [April 2022. Training completed in May 2022. Arrived to Ukraine in June (7), July 2022 (3) and October 2022 (4)] (Delivered along with 10.500 155mm rounds)

Tanks (Unknown Number)

  • T-72M1s [2022] (Delivered from Czech stocks in exchange for 15 Leopard 2A4 MBTs and 1 Büffel ARV through the 'Ringtausch' programme)
  • 28 M-55S' [To be delivered] (From Slovenian stocks in exchange for 45 MAN 8x8 trucks through the 'Ringtausch' programme)

 

Infantry Fighting Vehicles (70)

  • 40 BMP-1A1s [Delivered from October 2022 onwards] (From Greek stocks in exchange for 40 Marder IFVs through the 'Ringtausch' programme)
  • 30 BVP-1s [November 2022] (From Slovak stocks in exchange for 15 Leopard 2A4 MBTs through the 'Ringtausch' programme)

Armoured Personnel Carriers (54)

  • 54 M113G3DK/G4DKs [July and August 2022] (M113s taken from Danish stocks and subsequently overhauled with German funding)


Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicles (50)

  • 50 Dingos [November and December 2022]
 

Man-Portable Air Defence Systems (3200)

 

Anti-Tank Weapons (23.800)

 

Anti-Drone Systems And Jammers (116)

  • Missing flag.png 10 Anti-Drone Guns* [2022]
  • Missing flag.png 55 Anti-Drone Sensors And Jammers* [2022] (Including 20 Frequency Range Extension Devices)
  • Missing flag.png 12 Electronic Anti-Drone Devices* [2022]
  • 2 Large Anti-Drone Jamming Systems* (Installed on HMMWV IMVs) [August 2022]
  • Missing flag.png 7 Radio Jammers* [August 2022]
  • Missing flag.png 30 Drone Detection Systems* [December 2022]

Radars (10)

 

Surveillance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (26+)

  • Vectors** [June 2022]
  • Missing flag.png 26 Reconnaissance UAVs* [November 2022]
 

Unmanned Ships (10)

  • Missing flag.png 10 Unmanned Surface Vessels* [October and November 2022]

Unmanned Vehicles (7)

 

Engineering Vehicles And Equipment (48)

 

Vehicles (660)

  • 13 Oshkosh M1070 Heavy Equipment and Tank Transporters* [November and December 2022]
  • Missing flag.png 12 Heavy Duty Trailer Trucks [December 2022]
  • 30 Armoured Volkswagen Amarok SUVs [2022]
  • 35 Heavy Duty 8x8 Trucks [December 2022]
  • Missing flag.png 280 All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs), Minibuses And Trucks [2022]
  • Missing flag.png 143 Pick-Up Trucks [2022]
  • Missing flag.png 107 Border Protection Vehicles (Iveco VM90s, Iveco ACL 90s and Renault TRM 2000s) [October, November, December 2022 and January 2023]
  • Missing flag.png 36 Ambulances [November and December 2022]
  • Missing flag.png 6 Forklifts [October, November and December 2022]
  • Missing flag.png 2 Airport Fire Trucks [December 2022]
 

Small Arms (130)


Ammunition

  • Additional Missiles For The IRIS-T SLM SAM System* [November and December 2022]
  • Ammunition For The 227mm M270 ''MARS'' MLRS [July and October 2022]
  • 53.000 Rounds Of 35mm Ammunition For Gepard SPAAG [Delivered from June 2022 onwards]
  • 4000 Rounds Of 35mm Practice Ammunition For Gepard SPAAG [August 2022]
  • 18.500 155mm Artillery Rounds For PzH 2000 SPG [Delivered from June 2022 onwards] (Including at least 1000 flare and 2000 smoke rounds)
  • SMArt 155 Guided Artillery Rounds For PzH 2000 SPG [Delivered from June 2022 onwards]
  • 60.000 Rounds of 40mm Ammunition For Automatic Grenade Launchers [September and December 2022]
  • 3 Million Rounds Of 5.56×45mm Ammunition [2022]
  • 5 Million Rounds Of 7.62×51mm Ammunition [2022]
  • 14.1 Million Rounds Of Small Arms Ammunition [2022]
  • Missing flag.png 100.000 DM51/DM51A2 Hand Grenades [2022]
  • 3000 DM72A1 (PzF 3-IT) For Panzerfaust 3 [2022]
  • 50 DM32 Bunkerfaust Rounds For Panzerfaust 3 [2022]
  • (Artillery) Ammunition [March and April 2022]
  • 5300 Explosive Charges [2022]
  • 100.000 Metres Detonating Cord [2022] (Delivered along with 450.000 detonators)
 

Military Clothing

  • 28.000 Helmets [2022]
  • 15 Palettes Worth Of Military Clothing (Including 1300 Bulletproof Vests) [2022]
  • 116.000 Winter Jackets [2022]
  • 80.000 Winter Trousers [2022]
  • 240.000 Winter Hats [2022]
  • 600 Safety Glasses [2022]
  • Missing flag.png 353 Night Vision Goggles [2022]


Miscellaneous Equipment

  • MiG-29 Fighter Jet Spare Parts [2022]
  • Mi-24 Attack Helicopter Spare Parts* [ November 2022]
  • M2 Browning Heavy Machine Gun Spare Parts [2022]
  • Missing flag.png 38 Laser-Range Finders [2022]
  • Missing flag.png 20 Laser-Designators [2022]
  • 16 Palettes Worth Of Materiel For Explosive Ordnance Disposal [2022]
  • 290 Binoculars [2022]
  • 1 High Frequency Unit [August 2022]
  • 1 Radio Frequency System [2022]
  • 3000 Field Telephones [2022] (Delivered along with 5000 cable reels)
  • 200 Tents [2022]
  • 14.000 Sleeping Bags [2022]
  • 2646 Generators [2022]
  • 36.400 Wool Blankets [December 2022]
  • 148 Mobile Heating Systems [November and December 2022]
  • 405.000 Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MREs) [2022]
  • Diesel And Gasoline [2022. Supplies ongoing]
  • 10 Tonnes Of AdBlue [2022]

To Be Delivered


Surface-To-Air Missile (SAM) Systems (3 Systems And 1 Battery)


Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns (7)

 

Self-Propelled Artillery (134)

  • 100 155mm PzH 2000s [To be delivered] (Purchased by Ukraine from Krauss-Maffei Wegmann through the security capacity building fund)
  • 18 155mm RCH 155s [To be delivered] (Purchased by Ukraine from Krauss-Maffei Wegmann through the security capacity building fund)
  • 16 155mm ShKH Zuzana 2s [To be delivered] (Joint purchase by Germany, Norway and Denmark from Slovakia)
 

Tanks

  •  14 Leopard 2A6s [To be delivered]


Infantry Fighting Vehicles

  • 40 Marders [To be delivered in March 2023]
 

Anti-Tank Weapons (5000)

 

Anti-Drone Systems (90)

  • Missing flag.png 90 Drone Detection Systems* [To be delivered] (Including 20 Frequency Range Extension Devices)
 

Radars, Jammers And Reconnaissance Systems (27)

  •  2 TRML-4Ds [To be delivered in early 2023]
  • Missing flag.png 8 Mobile Ground Surveillance Radars And Thermal Imaging Cameras* [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 12 Communications Electronic Scanner/Jammer Systems* [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 5 Mobile Reconnaissance Systems [To Be Delivered]
 

Surveillance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (114)

  • Missing flag.png 114 Reconnaissance UAVs* [To Be Delivered]
 

Unmanned Vehicles (7)

 

Engineering Vehicles And Equipment (77)

 

Vehicles (747)

  • Missing flag.png 393 Border Protection Vehicles (Iveco VM90s, Iveco ACL 90s and Renault TRM 2000s) [To Be Delivered]
  • 14 HX81 Heavy Equipment and Tank Transporters* [To Be Delivered]
  • 18 Heavy Duty 8x8 Trucks [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 7 Heavy Duty 8x6 Trucks* [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 90 Heavy Duty Trailer Trucks* [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 10 Protected Vehicles* [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 2 Pickup Trucks* [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 200 Trucks* [To Be Delivered]
  • Missing flag.png 2 Tractors Along With 4 Trailers [To Be Delivered]


Ammunition

  • Additional Missiles For The IRIS-T SLM SAM System* [To Be Delivered]
  • 255 Volcano Guided Artillery Rounds For PzH 2000 SPG [To Be Delivered]
  • 1100 155mm Artillery Rounds For PzH 2000 SPG* [To Be Delivered]
  • 156.000 Rounds Of 40mm Ammunition For Automatic Grenade Launchers [To Be Delivered]


Miscellaneous Equipment

  • Missing flag.png 1 Vehicle Decontamination System [To Be Delivered]
  • 26 Interchangeable Loading System (For Trucks) [To Be Delivered]
  • 2 Hangar Tents* [To Be Delivered]
  • 100.000 First Aid Kits [To Be Delivered]
  • 130 Heating Systems [To Be Delivered]
  • 50 Field Heaters [To Be Delivered]
  • Oil Heaters [To Be Delivered]
  • Military Winter Clothing [To Be Delivered]
  • 450+ Generators [To Be Delivered]
  • Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MREs) [To Be Delivered]
 

An IRIS-T SLM SAM system as delivered to Ukraine.

[1] Military support for Ukraine https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-en/news/military-support-ukraine-2054992
[3]  Flawed But Commendable: Germany’s Ringtausch Programme https://www.oryxspioenkop.com/2022/09/flawed-but-commendable-germanys.html 
[6] Arms For Ukraine: French Weapons Deliveries To Kyiv https://www.oryxspioenkop.com/2022/07/arms-for-ukraine-french-weapon.html
 
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