Friday, 6 September 2019

Houthi Drone and Missile Handbook


By Stijn Mitzer and Joost Oliemans

This list only includes equipment confirmed to be in service with Houthi militants in Yemen or interdicted on the way to Yemen. The goal of this list is to comprehensively catalogue the current inventory of drones, rockets and missiles of the Houthi militants as well as clarify their origin

Notes:

- If several configurations of a vehicle with one designation are known, they are added as such.

- When the origin of a piece of equipment is unknown, it is indicated as such.

- The part within apostrophes refers to an unoffical name, such as the US DoD xxx designation system.

(Click on the equipment to get a picture of them in Houthi service.)


Surveillance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

 

Unmanned Aerial Combat Vehicles

  • Iran Samad-4 (Supplied by Iran)
  • Rujum (Commercially obtainable YD6-1000S UAV)
 

Loitering Munitions

 

Ballistic Missiles

  • Soviet Union OTR-21 Tochka (Inventory likely depleted. Inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks)
  • Soviet Union R-17 Elbrus "Scud-B" (Most converted to Borkans. Inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks)
  • Hwasŏng-5/6 "Scud-B/C'' (Most converted to Borkans. Inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks) 
  • Borkan-1 (Modified Scud/Hwasŏng missile inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks
  • Borkan-2 (Modified Scud/Hwasŏng missile inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks) 
  • Iran Borkan-H2 ([Components] supplied by Iran. Based on the Qiam ballistic missile 
  • Iran Borkan-3 ''Zolfaghar'' ([Components] supplied by Iran. Based on the Qiam ballistic missile)
  • Iran Qasim-2 (Likely based on components supplied by Iran. Based on the Qiam ballistic missile)
  • Qaher-1 (Repurposed Soviet V-750 missile of S-75 SAM inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks
  • Qaher-M2 (Modified Soviet V-750 missile of S-75 SAM inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks
  • Badr-F (Origin unknown) 
  • Nakal (Improved version of the Badr-F. Origin unknown)
 

Cruise Missiles

 

Multiple Rocket Launchers

 

Coastal Defence Missile Systems

  • Al-Mandab-1 (Chinese C-801 AShM inherited from pre-war Yemeni Navy stocks)
  • Iran Noor (At least one interdicted by by the United States, November 2019 on the way to Yemen)


Anti-Tank Guided Missiles

 

Man-Portable Air-Defence Systems

  • Soviet Union 9K32 Strela-2 (Inherited from pre-war Yemeni Army stocks)
  • 9K338 Igla-S (Origin unknown. At least one captured from Houthi militants by Coalition forces)
  • Iran ''Iranian modified Strela-2'' (Usage reported by USCENTCOM)
  • Iran Misagh-2 (At least five seized by the United States, November 2019 on the way to Yemen)

 

Surface-to-Air Missiles


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